Fido Feels Alone. Do Solo Dogs Get Lonely?


Many dog owners wonder if their beloved canine companion gets lonely being the only dog in the household. Dogs are naturally social and pack-oriented animals who thrive on companionship. While some dogs do perfectly fine on their own, others clearly show signs of distress from lack of canine company.

This article will explore whether dogs experience loneliness, the signs that a dog may be feeling lonely, risk factors for a dog becoming distressed from isolation, and tips for providing companionship to a solitary dog. Understanding a dog’s social needs is important for ensuring their health and wellbeing.

Dogs Are Social Animals

Dogs evolved as highly social animals that lived in family groups or “packs.” Their ancestors, wolves, exhibit complex social behaviors within packs including having a social hierarchy, cooperative hunting and pup rearing, and displays of submission and dominance. While research has shown that the idea of “alpha” dogs is not entirely accurate for describing dog behavior, dogs do show social bonding behaviors that likely originated in their wolf ancestors.

dogs are social pack animals

One of the ways dogs bond is through play. Dog play involves mock fighting, chasing, and play bows. It allows dogs to practice skills like hunting while also fulfilling a social function. Dogs often play best with family members and other dogs they are familiar with. Play is a cooperative activity that helps establish relationships between dogs. Dogs who lack play opportunities because they are isolated may be more prone to developing problem behaviors.

Signs of Loneliness

There are a number of behaviors that may indicate your dog is feeling lonely or isolated when left home alone. According to The Grand Paw, some key signs of loneliness in dogs include:

Attention-seeking behaviors: Your dog may start following you around the house, nudging or pawing at you frequently for pets or playtime. Dogs are social pack animals, so they crave regular interaction and companionship.

Anxiety: You may notice signs of separation anxiety like whining, barking or howling when you leave the house. Excessive panting, drooling and destructive behaviors are also indicators of anxiety in lonely dogs.

Depression: Lethargy, loss of appetite and lack of interest in normal activities like walks or play can be symptoms of loneliness and depression in dogs. They may seem despondent without regular social stimulation.

Aggression: Some lonely dogs may show aggression with other pets or people as their social skills decline. They forget how to properly interact from lack of practice.

As pack animals, dogs rely on regular social activity and engagement. When left alone for long periods, they can start to exhibit problematic behaviors indicative of sadness, anxiety and even depression. Paying attention to symptoms like attention-seeking, vocalizations, lethargy and more can help determine if your dog is feeling isolated or lonely at home alone.


Is Your Dog Feeling Lonely? 4 Signs to Look Out For

Risk Factors

risk factors for lonely dogs

Certain dogs are more susceptible to loneliness when left as the only dog in a household. According to research conducted by Furbo, younger dogs and senior dogs are more prone to separation anxiety and signs of loneliness than adult dogs in their prime years [1].

The amount of time left alone is also a major risk factor. Dogs are social pack animals that thrive on companionship. Being left alone for extended periods of time on a regular basis can lead to feelings of isolation and sadness. According to a study published in the journal PLOS One, the majority of dogs exhibit signs of distress when left alone for 2-4 hours [2].

Breed can also play a role. Herding breeds like Border Collies and Jack Russell Terriers have strong social needs and are more likely to struggle with being the only dog. However, any dog is susceptible if his or her social and enrichment needs are not sufficiently met.



Providing Companionship

Dogs are social animals that crave companionship. When left alone for long periods, dogs can start to feel lonely and depressed. One way to provide companionship for a lonely dog when you are away is to enroll them in doggy daycare. Doggy daycares provide a stimulating environment where dogs can play and socialize with other dogs and people. According to, doggy daycares help reduce separation anxiety and loneliness in dogs.

Another option is to hire a dog walker to take your dog out for exercise and socialization during the day. Dog walkers can provide your dog with mental stimulation, physical activity, and a chance to interact with new sights, sounds, and smells. Regular dog walking helps tire out your dog so they are less likely to act out from loneliness.

You can also consider pet sitters that come to your home to provide companionship. Pet sitters can play with, walk, and feed your dog while you are out. Having someone come by the house periodically while you are gone prevents your dog from being alone for too long. According to, even short visits from a pet sitter can lift your dog’s spirits and ease loneliness.

Getting Another Dog

While getting a second dog can alleviate loneliness, there are some pros and cons to consider before making the commitment (Source).

On the pro side, a second dog provides companionship and social interaction for your existing dog. Dogs are pack animals and usually enjoy having another dog around. Introducing a puppy or younger dog can also provide mental stimulation and exercise for an older dog. Additionally, a second dog means your current dog will not be home alone while you are away. Some evidence shows that separation anxiety may improve with a second dog in the home (Source).

However, there are also challenges to having multiple dogs. It takes additional time, effort and money to care for a second dog. You’ll need to train the new dog and monitor their interactions. It’s best to choose a second dog of the opposite sex to reduce conflict. Gradual introduction on neutral territory can help dogs accept each other. Be prepared to keep the dogs separated if they don’t get along. Additionally, some existing dogs may react negatively to a new dog in the home by acting out or exhibiting jealousy. Make sure to give your current dog lots of love and attention when introducing a new four-legged friend.

Enrichment Activities

second dog pros and cons

Dogs that live alone without other canine companions need mental stimulation to prevent boredom and loneliness. Some good enrichment activities include:

Training sessions – Teaching new commands or reinforcing known behaviors provides mental exercise. Break training into short 5-10 minute sessions throughout the day to keep your dog engaged. See source:

Puzzle toys – Food puzzle toys like Kongs or puzzle boards require dogs to problem solve to earn treats or meals. The mental challenge keeps them occupied. Rotate different puzzles to prevent boredom. Source:

Hide and seek – Have your dog stay while you hide treats around the house, then release them to search and find the rewards. Make it more challenging by hiding treats under cups or boxes. This game provides mental stimulation. Source:

Toys for Companionship

There are many types of interactive toys that can provide mental stimulation and companionship for a dog home alone. Some top options include:

  • Puzzle toys – These require dogs to manipulate the toy in certain ways to receive a food reward. The mental challenge keeps them engaged. Popular picks are puzzle balls like the Kong Wobbler and puzzle mats like the Trixie Activity Flip Board.
  • Treat dispensing toys – These automatically dispense treats as the dog plays with them. The PetSafe Busy Buddy Twist ‘n Treat, Starmark Bob-A-Lot, and Omega Paw Tricky Treat Ball are examples.
  • Interactive throw toys – These toys are designed to be tossed so dogs can chase and fetch them. The PetSafe Busy Buddy Tug-A-Jug, Chuckit! Fetch Toys, and West Paw Zogoflex Hurley are good for playing solo fetch.
  • Automatic toys – These provide entertainment even when alone, like automatic ball launchers and plush toys with built-in sensors and sounds. The PetSafe Automatic Ball Launcher and Petsafe Play & Squeak Mouse Hunt are popular automatic toys.

Rotating a variety of interactive toy types will provide mental enrichment and help alleviate loneliness when a dog is home alone. Supervision is still required with any toy to ensure safety.

When to Seek Help

If your dog’s loneliness leads to behavioral issues like excessive barking, destruction, or inappropriate elimination, it’s time to seek professional help. Left unchecked, these behaviors can become habitual. Consulting with a certified dog trainer or veterinary behaviorist can provide solutions to curb problematic behaviors stemming from loneliness.

seeking help for loneliness behavior issues

Trainers use techniques like crate training, exercise, enrichment activities and anxiety-reducing supplements to address the root causes of behavioral problems. Veterinary behaviorists can prescribe anti-anxiety medication if needed. Getting expert help stops bad habits in their tracks and improves your dog’s quality of life.

The key is addressing signs of loneliness before they escalate into entrenched behavioral issues. If your schedule leaves your dog alone for long hours, be proactive about providing companionship and mental stimulation. Preventing boredom and isolation in the first place prevents many behavior problems down the road.



Dogs are highly social animals that thrive on companionship. While some dogs adjust well to being the only pet in a household, others may struggle with feelings of loneliness and isolation when left alone for long periods of time.

Signs that your dog is lonely include increased vocalization, destructive behaviors, displacement behaviors, and developing obsessions over objects or toys. Certain dogs, like those adopted from shelters or puppy mills, as well as naturally social breeds, may be at higher risk.

If you suspect your dog is chronically lonely, the best solution is to provide them with a canine companion. But even getting another dog may not be feasible for all owners. In those cases, making time for quality bonding, providing interactive toys, and ensuring your dog gets adequate daily exercise and enrichment can go a long way in combating loneliness.

While most dogs can adapt well to being the only pet, it’s important to continually monitor their behavior. If your dog is showing signs of severe anxiety or depression related to isolation, consult with your veterinarian, as targeted medication or specialized behavioral therapy may be warranted.

By understanding your dog’s needs and making companionship a priority, you can maintain a healthy, well-adjusted canine, even if they’re your one and only furry friend.

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